Brain Tumours

Brain tumours are abnormal growths of cells that develop in the brain. They can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Brain tumours can interfere with normal brain functions and, depending on their size and location, can cause various health problems.


The symptoms of a brain tumour can vary depending on its type, size, and location. Common symptoms may include:

  • Headaches:
    Persistent and severe headaches, especially in the morning or after lying down.
  • Seizures:
    Unexplained seizures or convulsions, which may occur suddenly.
  • Nausea and Vomiting:
    Feeling nauseous or vomiting without any apparent reason.
  • Changes in Vision:
    Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision.
  • Changes in Speech:
    Difficulty speaking or understanding speech.
  • Balance Problems:
    Trouble with co-ordination, dizziness, or difficulty walking.
  • Personality Changes:
    Sudden mood swings or changes in behaviour.
  • Weakness or Numbness:
    Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs.
  • Memory Problems:
    Issues with memory, concentration, or cognitive functions.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, and having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have a brain tumour. However, if you experience any of these symptoms persistently, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.


The treatment of brain tumours depends on several factors, including the type, size, location, and grade of the tumour, as well as the patient’s overall health. Common treatment options include:

  • Surgery: 
    Surgical removal of the tumour is often the first-line treatment if it is accessible and the patient’s health allows for the procedure. The goal is to remove as much of the tumour as possible without causing damage to healthy brain tissue.
  • Radiation Therapy: 
    This treatment uses high-energy rays to target and destroy cancer cells. It is often used after surgery or in cases where complete removal of the tumour is not possible.
  • Chemotherapy: 
    Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. It can be administered orally or intravenously and is sometimes used in combination with other treatments.
  • Targeted Therapy: 
    Targeted therapies are drugs that specifically target certain molecules involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells.
  • Clinical Trials: 
    In some cases, patients may have access to clinical trials exploring new treatments and therapies for brain tumours.

The treatment plan is personalised for each patient, and neurosurgeons work closely with other specialists, such as oncologists and radiation therapists, to determine the most effective approach.

Remember, early detection and timely treatment significantly improve the outcome for individuals with brain tumours. Don’t hesitate to seek medical attention if you or someone you know is experiencing persistent or worrisome symptoms.